Pulse wave (PW)
Fig. 1 Example of PW in PAS, Small intestine position
According to theoretical model (fig.2), PW has complex structure:
- Four five-phase patterns, connected by mirror and alternate symmetry (fig. 3).
- Two Bottom patterns (fig.3) are mirror symmetrical and present the value of five Yin Qi.
- Two Bottom patterns (fig.3) are alternate symmetrical and present the value of five Yang Qi.
They are form two specific PW phases.
I phase - is result of adding two positive (left) patterns, and presents total element Qi energy of PW channel.
Qi PW = Yin Qi + Yang Qi
II phase - is result of adding two polar-inverse (right) patterns, and presents the action, DQi - specific of usage of element Qi of channel PW.
DQi = Yin Qi - Yang Qi
Fig. 2 Theoretical image of PW Fig. 3 Even and Odd of PW
For harmonic PW I and II phases have equal length.
To estimate these phases we suggest using next parameters:
- Ò1 - length of I phase.
- Ò2 - length II phase.
- Òt - theoretical length of I or II phases.
For harmonic and stable PW (according to theoretical analysis of SING-order):
Òt = 5/12 (sec) = Ò1 = Ò2
TPW -=Ò1 + Ò2 = 5/12+5/12 = 5/6 (sec) = 72 beats per minute.
Let's examine the next cases:
- Qi of PW (I phase) not changing or changing low.
In this case the Ò1 is not changing, Ò2 is depends on specific of usage of DQi, the harmonic of Yin Qi and Yang Qi ratio.
The frequency and length of TPW are completely determining by Ò2 , which is determining by the action of Qi of PW (DQi).
- Harmony of PW is not changing or changing low, so the Ò1 = Ò2 always. At that Ò1 and Ò2 is not equal to Òt.
With increasing of Qi of PW the value of Ò1 is increasing,
with decreasing of Qi of PW the value of Ò1 is decreasing.
The frequency and length of TPW are completely determining by Ò1, which is determining by the value of Qi of PW.
The practice of pulse diagnosis shows that for healthy person which has harmonic and stable PW:
- For ages 1-2 years, pulse beats per minute is vary from 90 to 140 bpm.
- For ages 5-55 years, pulse beats per minute is vary from 70 to 78 bpm.
- For ages 55+ years, pulse beats per minute is vary from 55 to 70 bpm.
As it follows from above, the length of PW is depends on value of element Qi energy and specific of it usage (harmony, stability), at that the Qi energy of PW is determining by age of person.
We consider the Òt. (vertical red line on fig. 1, 4), as a fixed point of harmonic and stable PW.
- If Ò1 >Òt (slow pulse) this can be consider to the pathological excess of Qi or due age changes.
- If Ò1 < Òt (fast pulse) this can be consider to pathological lack of Qi or due age changes.
- If Ò1 > Ò2 or Ò1 < Ò2 this can be consider to pathological appearing of disharmony of Yin and Yang Qi.
At present time in PAS software v3.2 Series and lower, there is only visual estimation of Ò1 and Ò2 values.
For that purposes it is needed to separate five phase (or less than five in pathological cases) structure, as it showed on fig. 4a (to the left of vertical red line), to the moment of crossing of zero line. For comparison with Òt the vertical red line is used.
This inconvenience is removed in PAS software v3.209.
There is separation of PW by the Yin and Yang frames (by two symmetric patterns) showed on fig 4
Fig. 4 a) Summary wave
Fig. 4 b) Even wave (Yin) Fig. 4 c) Odd wave (Yang)
For example, the PW showed on fig. 1, 4a, is posses with signs of harmony and stability, as the Ò1~= Ò2 ~=Òt
Ò1.~=<Òt this corresponds to small lack of energy, according to theoretical wave.
Ò1.~=<Ò2 this corresponds to disharmony of interaction (DQi) of Yin Qi and Yang Qi of channel.
Real PW frequency registered 75.7 bpm. It is slightly higher than 72 (theoretical), which explained by the lack of Qi energy of PW.
By that way, the decreasing of Qi energy brings the increasing of PW frequency, which is following with disharmony of Yin and Yang Qi.
Decreasing of energy (increasing of PW frequency) connected exactly to losing of energy of Yin Qi. The Yin Qi in second phase is slightly smaller than Yang Qi (fig. 1 second phase).
It was confirmed by the data of Health Matrix, Z yin = 93, Z yang = 94
Pulse wave structure
According to the theoretical pulse wave model (TPWM) the pulse wave (PW) has polar structure. It is represented by Yin (dark colors fig.1) even and Yang (bright colors, fig.1) odd components types of Qi and also two specific phases (fig.1 and 2).
In the First (I) Yin and Yang phase the Qi is add together (the result is total Qi energy), but in the Second (II) phase are subtracted (the result is action of Qi or the Qi usage specific).
The examples of theoretical structure of pulse wave for the Metal element (Fig.1.2.).
Fig. 1 Polar structure of PW Fig. 2. Abstract PW
Let's examine the case, when Qi energy of PW is not changing or changing insignificantly, but the usage specific of Qi is changing. Then the First phase is not changing, but the Second phase is changing, that leads to changing of amplitudes and phase length.
We must to see the changing of pulse rate (while other conditions are equal).
- Fig. 3 showing the PW in period of person breathing free (Pulse rate = 71 bpm).
- Fig. 4 showing the PW in period of person holding breath for 10 seconds (Pulse rate = 86 bpm)
- Fig. 5 showing the PW in period of person breathing free, 5 seconds after holding breath (Pulse rate = 61 bpm)
Fig. 3 Real PW (action phase is norm), breathing free.
Fig. 4 Real PW (action phase is decreased, Qi energy decreased), holding breath for 10 seconds.
Fig. 5 Real PW (action phase is increased) 5 seconds after holding breath.
According to the TPWM we can suppose the next types of PW exist.
1. While Qi energy is not changing the PW is depends on action phase length and defined by specific of disharmony of Yin and Yang Qi components of PW.
2. According to TPWM, the normal (harmonic) PW has equal length of First and Second phases. The PW length will be defined only by Qi energy level (First phase).
So we can suppose next:
1. The child has little Qi level, so the normal pulse rate for child will be fast (90-140 bpm).
2. The healthy mid-aged man has some average Qi level, so the normal pulse for mid-aged man will be average (70-75 bpm).
3. The healthy old man has much Qi level, so the normal pulse rate for old man will be slow (60-65 bpm).
Note: we suppose Qi energy level, as level of accumulated deformations of six elements space.
Thereby, according to TPWM, we can make conclusion: that pulse rate of healthy man is well-defining age level of Qi energy.
We suppose that during recovery rejuvenation processes the PW will be specific: the First and Second phases will be equal and the pulse rate will be fast (high).
Pulse wave structure dynamics
According to the model and PW analysis method, the pulse is the composition of various types of elements Qi. Observing the changing of Qi allows to define the specific of flowing of the processes which defines human condition (health).
Example of monitoring of Liver pulse position, during the breathing test: breathing freely taking a breath - holding breath for 20 sec - breathing out - breathing freely. (Fig.6)
|Fig. 6 Liver position monitoring during breathing test.|
|Fig. 7 Pulse ¹12.|
|Fig. 7 Pulse ¹19.|
|Fig. 7 Pulse ¹34.|